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  • Aerial photos of the geysers and hot springs at Yellowstone National Park
    Aerial photos of the geysers and hot springs at Yellowstone National Park Photo: Austin Farrington, CC0, unsplash.com
  • Photo: Tal Schindele, Outdooractive Editors
  • Sapphire Pool - Biscuit Basin
    Sapphire Pool - Biscuit Basin Photo: Hartmut Wimmer, Outdooractive Premium

Yellowstone National Park

As the first national park in the USA, Yellowstone National Park is a place of wonder. The geological features, especially the hydrothermal activities created by the underground volcano, make the landscape especially worth seeing and protecting. The park authorities are constantly working to protect the flora and fauna by educating visitors about the park's special features. Well-maintained hiking and biking trails lead up close to the ‘Old Faithful’ geyser, to the Grand Prismatic Spring and through the Grand Canyon of Yellowstone.

The Data has its origin from the Bureau of Land Management (BLM), an agency within the United States Department of the Interior responsible for administering federal lands.

Area: 8900 km²
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For several centuries, Yellowstone's Indian peoples lived isolated from the rest of the country - access to the center of today's national park was not always as easy as it is today. The indigenous tribes have long appreciated Yellowstone and use the resources for themselves; hunting, fishing and creating tools from the obsidian rock. It was not until the beginning of the 19th century that they succeeded in accessing further into the area. The white population recognized the value of the area and, in the course of the gold rush, began to search for noble resources themselves. After several failed expeditions, the press finally became aware of the Yellowstone area and general interest increased abruptly. In 1872, the first National Park in the US was finally established.

The Yellowstone volcano and its colorful pools

The colorful hot springs are the absolute highlight of the park - this fascinating phenomenon attracts thousands of visitors every year. The thermal springs, which are of volcanic origin, are home to various thermophilic bacteria and algae, which feel particularly good there and react with the pH value in the hot water, causing them to shine in a spectrum of colors.

Science is also highly interested in the so-called thermophilic bacteria. NASA, for example, is investigating the phenomenon in Yellowstone to study and simulate the living conditions on other planets. The microorganisms in Yellowstone National Park have also played a role in the medical field - and not all species of these tiny creatures have even been researched yet. Who knows what they can do to help us in the future.

To experience the colorful springs at close range and learn more, the park authorities have made the area widely accessible. Wooden walkways make it easy to explore Yellowstone National Park on foot - an ideal hiking trip for the whole family.

Home to many - Nature conservation in Yellowstone National Park

Admittedly, the flora and fauna away from the geysers and springs are only in second place when it comes to the highlights of the park. Wrongly so, because in the forests and mountains life is in full bloom. Lynxes, coyotes, badgers, foxes, wolves, bears, bison, ... the list could go on endlessly. The diversity of creatures speaks for the special nature of Yellowstone National Park.

On extensive hiking and biking tours, you can discover the wildlife paradise. But always keep to the rules at all times - for your own protection and that of nature. For Yellowstone to continue to provide such a wonderful home for flora and fauna, the area must be protected. Do your part by learning about it and leaving as few traces as possible when you visit.

Bull Elk in Yellowstone National Park.
Photo: Harrison Hargrave, CC0, Unsplash.com


Observe local conservation rules and information


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